Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Trees are beautiful additions to any landscape and yard. Oil from Sweet Birch is toxic. Birch trees are considered to be among the oldest species of tree still living. Common walnut ( Juglans regia ) and black walnut ( Juglans nigra ) leaves have a characteristic and strong smell that is difficult to describe. Fruit trees that contain cyanogenic glycosides are members of the Prunus genus or the Malus genus, including apple, crabapple, cherry, peach, apricot, almond and plum trees. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. Sweet birch Sweet birch is an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas, with shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage. Sweet birch (Betula lenta) also known as black birch, is a tree native to Eastern North America. Cankers, aphids, leaf miners.Moderately susceptible to bronze birch borer.Sensitive to soil compaction, air pollution. The tree is known for the strong wintergreen scent of its bark and leaves. Native to the eastern United States; often found in rocky sites. The Herbalist . Leaves are alternate, simple, serrated, ovate in shape, and acuminate. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Sweet birch leaves are oval to oblong, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long and are sharply toothed. Also Called Black Birch. Alternative Titles: Betula lenta, black birch, cherry birch, red birch. Cylindrosporium and Septoria cause small spots with no borders … They bloom in erect clusters at the tips of long shoots and persist through winter. Leaves are toothed, ovaloid, and approximately 6in long. Betula lenta is a medium-sized deciduous tree reaching 30 m (98 ft) tall, exceptionally to 35 metres (115 ft) with a trunk up to 60 cm (2.0 ft) diameter. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The tree derives its name from its nature of easily peeling off, or flaking like a parchment of paper. Many beautiful trees are prone to shedding not only leaves, but branches, nuts, cones, or other debris throughout the year. However, when the cooler weather beckons, these leaves can turn bright hues of gold and yellow. It has a sweet woody smell and is used in the production of wintergreen . Stop by, email, or call. Oil of wintergreen is now produced synthetically. Characteristics of North American Birch Trees Birch species are generally small- or medium-sized trees or large shrubs, mostly found in northern temperate climates in … Browse the curated collection and add your voice! The flowers produced by birch trees are green and have no petals. The leaves, twigs, and inner bark of a sweet birch have a strong wintergreen scent and are used in the production of oil of wintergreen, and the sap can be used for boiling syrup (similar to the Sugar Maple) as well as in the production of birch beer. Our communities. Birch trees sometimes have smooth bark, though with some, it peels. An Equal Opportunity University. Getting a tree service to perform a soil-applied systemic insecticide injection in the spring. Shiny, … Cherry birch is also variously called black birch for its dark, shiny bark, and sweet birch for its wintergreen-smelling twigs. A deciduous, medium shade tree, the Sweet Birch is a common forest tree. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Saplings of this tree are often among the earliest colonizers of newly logged ground in southern New England. Usually about 18 m (60 feet) tall, the tree may reach 24 m or more in the southern Appalachians; on poor soil it may be stunted and shrublike. Sweet Birch - Betula lenta . In younger trees the bark is characteristic of most birches, with smooth bark and distinct horizontal lenticels. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. Beech leaves are typically oblong or oval and medium to dark, glossy green. Flowers are found in catkins in early spring. In youth, the outer … Description 15.2-21.3 meter (50-70ft) deciduous tree with nonpeeling, often smooth, aromatic bark. Buds are hairless with strong wintergreen smell. The inner bark of sweet birch has a strong wintergreen scent, which led to its use in the production of oil of wintergreen. Family Betulaceae. See Notes. Young trees are pyramidal and dense forming an irregular, rounded, sometimes wide-spreading crown at maturity. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. A large deciduous tree, the Black Walnut bears fruit which is prized by confectioners; its wood is sought after by furniture makers. The Ohio Department of Natural Resources site notes that dark, shiny green is the color of sweet birch’s foliage from spring through summer. The wood is widely used in the manufacture of furniture and paper while the leaves, sap, and bark of the trees are used to make medicine. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. For Immunity. Male flowers, called catkins, bloom in the late summer or fall. Black Walnut Juglans nigra. In older tree specimens the bark(unlike the more commonly known birches) develops vertical cracks into irregular scaly plates revealing rough dark brow… This site was last updated on December 18, 2020. 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